- Scientifc name: Sygyzium cumini
- Place of origin: Indian Subcontinent, South East Asia. (Auvaiyar- Murugan- Mythology)
- Description: Trees grow to 30m with a lifespan of a hundred years. Small and fragrant flowers appear March to April which develop into fruits by May or June. Trees are beautiful with dense shade.
- Grow best: In bright sunlight, in deep, loamy, well drained soil.
- Use: The wood being water-resistant finds use as railway sleepers and furniture, while the leaves find use as livestock fodder and in ornamental arrangements.
The sweet-sour fruits are rich in vitamins and stain the tongue purple. Also used in making wine and vinegar while the seeds find use in Ayurveda.