- Scientific name: Tamarindus indica (Indian date, tamar-i-Hind in Persian)
- Place of origin: Tropical Africa, India.
- Description: Beautiful evergreen tree growing to more that 30 m tall with massive girth, ferny frond-like leaves and inconspicuous flowers, appearing in April-June while the fruit pods ripen in November- December. With a lifespan of more than 200 years, tamarind trees were planted alongside roads in ancient times, providing shade and nourishment to many a weary traveler.
- Grow best: In bright sunlight, any soil. Dry conditions required for fruit development.
- Use: As road-side avenues, valuable timber. Fruit is dried and the pulp extract is an indispensable condiment in Indian cooking.